How experts repair foundation issues such as floor and wall cracks will vary depending on what the issue is and the severity of it. Although there are plenty of videos on the internet claiming you can fix these issues yourself with a little elbow grease, that’s not always the case. Yes, there are things you can do to mitigate foundation problems, but unless you are an expert, a DIY repair will not fix the problems the right way.
What Can I DIY?
You can take preventive measures such as making sure the gutter system is working and leads water several feet away from the house. Plant shrubs and flowers at least two feet away from your foundation, and do not use raised flowerbeds. Plant trees that will grow large roots a minimum of 15 to 30 feet away from your home. The land itself should be graded, which means sloped away from the home so water drains from the foundation.
What Should I Not DIY?
The short answer is — everything else. Hire a specialist for cracks, bowed walls, and mold removal. Sure, you could fill small cracks with materials from a home improvement store but sometimes, the cracks are deeper than they appear. If you don’t completely fill them the correct way the first time, the cracks will widen in the future.
Numerous cracks and bowed or buckling walls are indicative of a serious problem with your foundation. Basement walls support up and down pressure, but moisture in the soil presses in on the walls from the sides.
Reinforcement is necessary to correct a shifting foundation and walls, and homeowners don’t usually have the material or equipment to do that.
Repairs for Foundation Wall Cracks and Bowing
Options for wall reinforcement are helical piers, carbon fiber straps, wall anchors, or slabjacking. Footers that prop up the foundation may need support in the form of long piers attached to the footers. The piers are driven deep into the ground until they reach stable soil and are attached via brackets and plates.
Wall anchors also are installed in more stable soil and are placed along the inside of the wall. Experts drill holes in the wall and attach metal plates that are bolted down. These metal plates hold steel beams; this reinforces the bowed wall portions.
Carbon fiber straps attach via epoxy to any location where there is minor bowing or to support the wall after the foundation is straightened. The straps do not rust, and the application does not require digging.
Slabjacking is when an expanding stabilizing foam is injected into small holes drilled in the foundation floor. The foam increases in size to fill in erosion gaps in the soil underneath the foundation.
Cracks are repaired via a sealer and a strong epoxy designed for concrete. After the crack is cleared of loose debris, the specialist marks where the epoxy will go. A sealer goes on and dries, after which the expert applies the epoxy. He or she may decide to add another layer of protection by applying a waterproof masonry cement over the surface.
Acculevel Has the Know-How to Repair Your Foundation
There are so many reasons why a foundation and walls can crack, and most of them stem from inefficient or failed waterproofing. The hardworking experts at Acculevel have seen it all, and we want to help you repair your home’s foundation the right way — so you won’t have to call us in the future. We have specialized in foundation repair since 1996 and know that you’ve worked hard for your money, so we won’t try to get you to sign off on unnecessary repairs. Homeowners trust us to do right by them, and we take that seriously. If you live in the Midwest, including Indiana, give us a call at (866) 669-3349 or email us at [email protected].